Public health-655- Topic 6 DQ 2 Human Migration
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Roles and Responsibilities of International Organizations
The international organizations are responsible for initiating the implementation of action plans that promote the health and wellbeing of the migrants globally and coordinating the efforts with all member states. The constitution also mandates international organizations to ensure the migration process is managed in a human and orderly manner according to international law. They achieve this by assisting the member states to understand the challenges associated with migration and assist with operational challenges that are related to migration. During emergencies, the international organization is required to provide assistance, including healthcare, food, water, and assist with temporary housing (World Health Organization, 2019).
Compare these to the Roles and Responsibilities of Governmental Agencies
The difference between international organizations and governmental agencies in supporting the refugees is that international organizations mainly focus on developing regulations and guidelines that determine how refugees and immigrants are treated in the different countries to ensure that all member countries observe human rights and dignity. In contrast, the government agencies are involved in implementing the developed policies, such as ensuring that security for the refugees is maintained and that they are not exploited. The government agencies are also involved in determining land and settlement issues; they enforce law and order and provide legal assistance as required (United Nations, 2022).
Why would a Country Benefit from being a Member of an International Organization when Dealing with Humanitarian Crises?
Being a member of an international organization ensures that member countries receive the necessary assistance, including financial and healthcare resources when humanitarian crises arise. International organizations are quick to provide the needed support during humanitarian crises such as healthcare resources, food, temporary housing, legal, military, and diplomatic assistance to their member countries, which protects the country from further deterioration of the situation and assists in restoring order quickly the country (United Nations, 2022).
What role should the faith-based community fulfill when supporting the needs of the migrant community?
The faith-based community roles include providing healthcare assistance to vulnerable members. They also contribute to providing resources such as food, water, and clothes to the migrant communities. Since the government and the refugees respect them well, they are involved in providing education to the migrant community on sensitive topics such as gender violence; they also provide counseling services to the migrant to restore their emotional and spiritual wellbeing (Center for Migration Studies, 2018).
Center for Migration Studies, (2018) The Role of Faith-Based Organizations in Immigrants’ Health and Entrepreneurship Retrieved from: https://cmsny.org/publications/2018smsc-nicholson/
United Nations, (2022) Deliver Humanitarian Aid Retrieved from: https://www.un.org/en/our-work/deliver-humanitarian-aid
World Health Organization, (2019) Promoting the health of refugees and migrants: draft global action plan, 2019–2023 Retrieved from: https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/promoting-the-health-of-refugees-and-migrants-draft-global-action-plan-2019-2023