Shortage of nursing personnel
Critique of a Quantitative Research Study from the following articles: Academic Journals:
(1) The Nursing Shortage and Potential Solutions: An Overview. By: Ulrich, Beth. Nephrology Nursing Journal. Aug2003, Vol. 30 Issue 4, p364-376. 13p. ,
(2) [Shortage of nursing personnel; critical study and suggestions for an agency]. (Undetermined) By: LESAFFRE V, Revue d’hygiene et de medecine sociale [Rev Hyg Med Soc], ISSN: 0484-8454, 1953; Vol. 1 (8), pp. 734-40; Publisher: Masson; PMID: 13135040, (3) Student, wife, mother believes e-learning will ease shortage…’Distance Education: One Solution to the Nursing Shortage?’ (Talbert, 2009). McMahon R Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing, Oct2009; 13(5): 471-471. 1p. (Journal Article – commentary, letter) ISSN: 1092-1095 PMID: NLM19793703, Database:
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Quantitative Article Analysis
A quantitative research study focuses on collecting data and analyzing the data using data analysis tools in establishing whether the hypothesized relationship of the variables is true. A quantitative study should have several elements in ensuring that the data provided is reliable and the results are highly generalized. This paper will analyze the article “Post-Hospital Nursing: Shortage, Shifts, and Scripts” by Jean Watson (2001).
- Statement of the Problem –
The paper identifies the problem of nurse shortage in the first section. The paper’s main focus is on post-hospital nursing, where post-hospital nursing is facing shortages due to advancing technology. The problem is not narrowed down to a specific factor since the author cites various issues associated with the post-hospital nursing shortage. The descriptive paper analyzes the key issues contributing to the nursing shortage. It thus informs on the better nursing aspects that the nursing field can focus on in reducing the gap of care, especially in post-hospital nursing. The identified purpose of the article does not present the article as research-focused but a discussion and a scientific opinion from an experienced nurse. The article’s author is a distinguished professor in nursing and thus qualified in producing a reliable source.
- Review of Literature
The author does not investigate literature but has sources incorporated in the paper as the issue is discussed. The author does not follow the format of a quantitative paper where literature is specifically reviewed and analyzed to establish the key information gaps. A literature review considers the research articles related to the research problem, establishing the relevance of the research findings in addressing the currently stated issue (Paul & Criado, 2020). The author only uses sources to discuss and advance her opinions on the problem, a format considered for the discussion section of a quantitative research article.
- Theoretical framework
The paper does not have an identified theoretical framework that functions as the foundation of the research in establishing the relationship between various research variables. The article offers a scientific argument on the nursing needs and the possible changes that would help in improving the quality of care for post-hospital patients. A quantitative research study should have a theoretical framework. A theoretical framework provides a researcher with viable support in explaining the study’s importance and relevance to the nursing field of practice (Kivunja, 2018). The theory functions as the foundation of the study, thus making it viable to the field of practice. The article does not provide a theoretical framework.
- Research Design
The article does not have a research design since it does not involve data collection and analysis. A research design involves the strategic data collection method for analysis and conclusion about the relationship between the variables. The article describes the problem and discusses the possible solutions to the identified problem. The article does not provide dependent and independent variables.
- Data Collection and Statistics
The article does not have a data collection process since it is not a study. There is no information about the data collection methods and tools used in collecting the data. The article does not provide information about informed consent or seeking approval in conducting the study. Approval for a study is done by a scientific research institution or an institutional research board to enhance the study’s ethical practice (Borovecki et al., 2018). Since there is no data collection and description of the research results, the reliability and validity factors of the information are not addressed.
- Interpretation, Discussion, and Clinical Application
The article provides a discussion about old-script nursing and new-script nursing. The author explains the expected transition between the two aspects of nursing and how technology and improved nursing knowledge can increase efficiency in the nursing field while handling healthcare deficits. According to the author, the old scripts miss key aspects of human life, such as human suffering, spiritual fulfillment, self-knowledge, and relationships. The author adds that the old scripts do not offer nursing developments in advancing the quality of care. In conclusion, the author recommends the new nursing script that provides transformed and reconfigured nurses that helps nurses advance towards a new trans-disciplinary moral community for public health. The article informs on the key nursing applications that can help improve the quality of healthcare and counter nurse shortages, especially in post-hospital care (Watson, 2001). The article stresses the need for education and knowledge advancement programs in nursing that can benefit the nurses in using the available resources to serve more patients even in an area with nurse scarcity. The article is not a research paper thus does not identify biasness or any limitations that should be studied. In conclusion, the article is not a quantitative study since it has numerous limitations to qualify for a study.
Borovecki, A., Mlinaric, A., Horvat, M., & Supak Smolcic, V. (2018). Informed consent and ethics committee approval in laboratory medicine. Biochemia Medica, 28(3), 373-382.
Kivunja, C. (2018). Distinguishing between theory, theoretical framework, and conceptual framework: A systematic review of lessons from the field. International Journal of Higher Education, 7(6), 44-53.
Paul, J., & Criado, A. R. (2020). The art of writing literature review: What do we know and need to know?. International Business Review, 29(4), 101717.
Watson, J. (2001). Post-hospital nursing: shortage, shifts, and scripts. Nursing Administration Quarterly, 25(3), 77-82.