PUB 655-Topic DQ 1- Reproductive Health And Nutrition
Greetings, I want to thank you for your consideration in participating in the discussion. Your interest in contributing is remarkable and highly recognized as you have dwelt directly on the topic. Your post is grammatically structured with good comprehension flow and insightful views that help the reader or examiner understand the main purpose of the discussion. I will only add a few points regarding the post and make a few remarks. Many developing countries and even low-income countries have emulated the fertility control rate since 1960-2013. The total fertility rate was seen to reduce from 5 children per woman to 2 (De Silva & Tenreyro,2017). Most countries have experienced low total fertility rates beyond replacement.
Breastfeeding is essential to both mothers and their babies. It is recommended for six months to reduce the chances of respiratory infections among babies in Kenya (Talbert et al., 2020). Despite its positive outcomes in babies, it has impacted the fertility rates in Kenya, especially in rural regions of the Country. In Sub-Saharan Africa, adolescent pregnancies are higher compared to other developing countries. This increases the chances for lactating mothers to focus on breastfeeding, which boosts their immunity in having other babies. On the other hand, Latin America’s low fertility rates are exhibited by the high use of contraceptives, especially by the adolescent group and those in the education programs who would not possibly want to have babies any time soon. Therefore, contraceptive prevalence rates are higher, reducing the number of those breastfeeding in the Country.
Japan is considered a high-income country with a low fertility rate despite the high contraceptive prevalence rates. This is because the fertility rate was higher before the control interventions were implemented, and the group is currently old age, thus cannot be reversed. The young group is focused on taking care of the old age group, and the young men aged 26 years are highly focused on searching for employment and not necessarily getting into marriage. The changing roles have also contributed to the low fertility rates in Japan. Women are engaged in demanding jobs that reduce their chances of settling down and getting married, hence delays or late births.
De Silva, T., & Tenreyro, S. (2017). Population control policies and fertility convergence. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 31(4), 205-28. https://pubs.aeaweb.org/doi/pdfplus/10.1257/jep.31.4.205
Talbert, A., Jones, C., Mataza, C., Berkley, J. A., & Mwangome, M. (2020). Exclusive breastfeeding in first-time mothers in rural Kenya: a longitudinal observational study of feeding patterns in the first six months of life. International breastfeeding journal, 15(1), 1-9. https://internationalbreastfeedingjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13006-020-00260-5