PUB 655 Public health-655- Topic 7 DQ 2-Prof question-Reproductive Health And Nutrition (Please see upload for question)
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Public Health roles
Public health is one of the most important things to invest in as a government. The main aim of public health is to improve the healthcare outcome through achieving the objectives of preventing disease and health consequences of hazards and disasters which can be natural or man-made. Understanding the roles of public health helps in giving advice as a minister of health (World Health Organization, 2018). One of the roles to know is that of creating awareness. This is a major role of the public health professional as lack of awareness can be a major reason why various deadly diseases are spread. Public health professionals should ensure that people are aware of how severe a disease is and what to practice to reduce the spread of such diseases. Upon knowing the importance of this role, the health minister can be able to advise on how to strengthen the workforce of healthcare.
Another role is monitoring and collecting data to allow the healthcare providers to keep track of the spread of diseases. Knowing this role may help in stopping the spread of diseases without causing any delay. The Minister of Health also has a role of identifying any health hazards, diseases that are chronic, health issues that are evolving and the outbreak of diseases and advice the healthcare practitioners on necessary steps to take to reduce the diseases (Jin et al, 2019). Public health officers also have a role to conduct a sanitary investigation that may endanger public health. These investigations may include unclean working environment, garbage, rodents, insects and safe drinking water inspections.
Initiating educational programs is another role that minister of health should know. A public health practitioner should educate people on personal hygiene, how to maintain cleanliness, practice a healthy diet, schedules of immunization, how to conduct first aid when there is an emergency and so on. This will help protect people from health problems and help them lead a life free of diseases. Another important role is to develop policies, regulations and plans that can improve healthcare services. The Minister of health should also know the role of conducting wellness programs to provide medical supplies, vaccination and to conduct health surveys among the public. It is important to know these roles in order to give advice and prevent the spread of diseases.
Jin, Y., Austin, L., Vijaykumar, S., Jun, H., & Nowak, G. (2019). Communicating about infectious disease threats: Insights from public health information officers. Public Relations Review, 45(1), 167-177.
World Health Organization. (2018). Essential public health functions, health systems and health security: developing conceptual clarity and a WHO roadmap for action.