PHI 413 Topic 1 DQ1- Foundational Issues in Christian Spirituality and Ethics TASKS

Topic 1: Foundational Issues in Christian Spirituality and Ethics



The Story of the Bible

View “The Story of the Bible” on the Bible Project website (2018).

Literary Styles in the Bible

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View “Literary Styles in the Bible” on the Bible Project website (2018).

10 Things You Should Know About Scientism

Read “10 Things You Should Know About Scientism,” by Moreland, on the Crossway website (2018).

What Is the Bible?

View “What Is the Bible?” on the Bible Project website (2018).

Faith and Spiritual Decision-Making in Health Care Professions

View both “Faith and Spiritual Decision-Making in Health Care Professions” video messages to RN to BSN students from Dr. Lisa Smith and Dr. Maria Quimba, from the College of Nursing and Health Care Professions. E811-844B-005056BD1ABC

Optional – Topic 1: Optional Resources

For additional information, see the “Topic 1: Optional Resources” that are recommended.

Practicing Dignity: An Introduction to Christian Values and Decision-Making in Health Care

Read Chapters 1 from Practicing Dignity. introduction-to-christian-values-and-decision-making-in-health-care_1e.php

What Is Scientism?

Read “What Is Scientism?” by Burnett, on the American Association for the Advancement of Science website (2018).


Class Introductions
Start Date & Time Due Date & Time Points Dec 13, 2021, 12:00 AM Dec 15, 2021, 11:59 PM 0

Take a moment to explore your new classroom and introduce yourself to your fellow classmates. What are you excited about learning? What do you think will be most challenging?

Assignment: Worldview Analysis and Personal Inventory

Based on the required topic Resources, write a reflection about worldview and respond to following:

1. In 250-300 words, explain the Christian perspective of the nature of spirituality and ethics in contrast to the perspective of postmodern relativism within health care.
2. In 250-300 words, explain what scientism is and describe two of the main arguments against it.
3. In 750-1,000 words, answer each of the worldview questions according to your own personal perspective and worldview:
1. What is ultimate reality?
2. What is the nature of the universe?
3. What is a human being?
4. What is knowledge?
5. What is your basis of ethics?
6. What is the purpose of your existence?

Remember to support your reflection with the topic Resources.

While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. A link to the LopesWrite technical support articles is located in Class Resources if you need assistance.

Topic 1 DQ 1 

What would spirituality be according to your own worldview? How do you believe that your conception of spirituality would influence the way in which you care for patients?

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Spirituality entails the recognition of a sense of belief that something greater than myself exists. The existence of the supreme being is more than being human and having a sensory experience. Spirituality recognizes that as a human being, one is part of cosmic or divine in nature. Imperatively, spirituality implies that our lives have significance in a context that is beyond the ordinary existence at the biological needs’ levels. Spirituality entails have faith in a power and being greater than oneself (Smothers et al., 2019). Based on my worldview, spirituality entails having a connection with God as the source of moral goodness and love for all human beings, irrespective of their diversity.

In their article, Rego et al. (2020) recognize the central role that spirituality plays in decision-making among palliative care patients. Accordingly, spiritual wellbeing is linked to increased levels of physical, and emotional functioning and a high quality life.  My conception of spirituality influences the way I care for patients because it implores me to consider them as higher beings who love to understand the disease process beyond their existence on earth. It is due to these beliefs that one must conduct themselves in a moral and ethical way. Using these beliefs leads to better care through showing values and virtues like empathy, and understanding (Timmins & Caldeira, 2019). The spiritual conception allows me to ensure that I offer holistic care plans for patients due to their different needs. Through spirituality, I can offer my patients comfort and relief from their anxieties and help them focus on better and positive outcomes from their conditions. Being spiritual is not simply showing empathy and in-depth comprehension of God’s teachings but deploying values and aspects that enhance quality of life for patients and other providers.


Rego, F., Gonçalves, F., Moutinho, S., Castro, L., & Nunes, R. (2020). The influence of

spirituality on decision-making in palliative care outpatients: a cross-sectional study. BMC palliative care, 19(1), 1-14. DOI:

Smothers, Z. P. W., Tu, J. Y., Grochowski, C., & Koenig, H. G. (2019). Efficacy of an

educational intervention on students’ attitudes regarding spirituality in healthcare: a cohort study in the USA. BMJ open, 9(4), e026358. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2018-026358

Timmins, F., & Caldeira, S. (Eds.). (2019). Spirituality in healthcare: Perspectives for innovative

            practice. Cham: Springer International Publishing.