Explain the biological (genetic and neuroscientific); psychological (behavioral and cognitive processes, emotional, developmental); and social, cultural, and interpersonal factors that influence the development of psychopathology.
Psychopathology is a term used to describe any disorder of the mind or mental illness. It is an umbrella term used to describe mental health conditions that can cause changes in thinking, feeling, and behavior. It encompasses a wide range of disorders, ranging from depression to schizophrenia and everything in between. The development of psychopathology is thus said to be a combination of biological, psychological, and social, cultural, and interpersonal factors.
Biological factors are of a major function in the existence of psychopathology. Research suggests that certain mental health issues are said to be genetic. For example, scholars have depicted that individuals with family issues related to depression are said to be vulnerable. Additionally, research has shown that gene mutations can also increase the chances of being identified with certain mental-related health conditions, such as schizophrenia. Jackson & Milberg (2018) Neuroscience has also revealed a great deal about the development of psychopathology. Neurotransmitters, such as serotonin and dopamine, regulate mood and behavior. When these neurotransmitters are out of balance, it can lead to mental health conditions, for example, depression and anxiety. Additionally, brain structure, including function, can be a causal effect of mental illnesses. Brain scans of individuals with certain mental health conditions have revealed differences in their brain structure and function compared to those without mental health conditions.
Psychological factors, such as behavioral and cognitive processes, emotions, and development, influence the being of psychopathology. Behavioral and cognitive processes are essential in developing mentally related issues (Masten & Kalstabakken, 2018). Cognitive distortions, such as overestimation of danger and negative self-talk, can risk the mental well-being of users. Additionally, maladaptive behaviors, amongst avoidance of situations or activities, can be disasters to mental health.
Emotional factors can also contribute to the development of psychopathology. Individuals who struggle with low self-esteem, guilt, or shame are vulnerable to mental health issues. Additionally, emotional traumas, such as childhood abuse or neglect, can also increase the probability of developing specific mental disparities. Finally, developmental factors can also influence mental health development. These conditions can be triggered or exacerbated by life events or experiences during specific developmental stages, such as adolescence. Additionally, certain mental health conditions, such as autism, can have their onset during certain developmental stages. Social, Cultural, and
Moreover, Interpersonal factors also contribute to psychopathology development (Cheung &, 2018). Cultural factors can contribute to specific mental health disparities. For example, certain cultures may have different views on mental health, leading to a stigma that can impact the development of mental health aspects. Additionally, cultural disparities can lead to different expectations and norms, which can impact the development of mental health conditions. Interpersonal aspects, including relationships and social support, can also influence mental illness development. Individuals who have supportive relationships with family and friends are less vulnerable to developing certain mentally related conditions, while those who lack social support are stated to be more to have mental health issues.
In conclusion, psychopathology development is influenced by a combination of biological, psychological, and social, cultural, and interpersonal factors. Genetics, neuroscience, behavioral and cognitive processes, emotions, and development can be stated to be influencers of mentally related conditions. Additionally, cultural factors, interpersonal relationships, and social support can be related to the aspects that are related to causing mental health issues.
Cheung, F. M., & Mak, W. W. (2018). Sociocultural factors in psychopathology.
Jackson, C. E., & Milberg, W. P. (2018). Examination of neurological and neuropsychological features in psychopathology.
Masten, A. S., & Kalstabakken, A. W. (2018). Developmental perspectives on psychopathology in children and adolescents.