Topic 1 DQ 2

Discuss what resources are often necessary for nonacute care for cardiorespiratory issues. Explain how they support patient independence and decrease readmission.

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Resources Necessary for Nonacute Care for Cardiorespiratory Issues

According to the American Heart Association (AHA), cardiovascular complications account for approximately one-third of the total deaths globally. Cardiorespiratory issues, on the other hand, are even worse when they occur together in the form of diseases and injuries to both the lungs and the heart (Czeisler et al., 2020). However, several researchers and clinical guidelines, through evidence-based practice, have proposed effective interventions that can help promote well-being and reduce the mortality rates among patients with cardiorespiratory issues. Non-acute care for such patients thus aims at improving the functioning of the patient heart and lungs, to reduce the burden of the disease (Czeisler et al., 2020). For instance, clinicians recommend regular exercises and lifestyle modification such as avoiding smoking, and adequate sleep among other factors that increases the risks associated with cardiorespiratory complications.

In the United States, several healthcare organizations in addition to the state’s healthcare sector have made sure that adequate resources are available to promote non-acute care for patients with cardiovascular and respiratory problems. Such resources are mainly based on the provision of prehospital care, long-term care, home health care, community care, and ambulatory care services, depending on the severity of the patient’s condition (Bornstein et al., 2019). Necessary resources include American Heart Association (, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (, American Society for Preventive Cardiology, World Heart Federation,COPD Foundation (, and US National Library of Medicine, MedlinePlus among others.

The above resources are crucial in promoting patient independence and decreasing the rates of readmission. For instance, the educational materials help patients promote self-management of the heart and lung conditions after being discharged from the hospital. Automated follow-up communication resources help remind the patient to show up for scheduled appointments, health screenings, and check-ups to avoid readmission (Lang et al., 2018). Surveys are also utilized to monitor the progress of the disease, to promote timely interventions in case of complications.



Bornstein, D. B., Grieve, G. L., Clennin, M. N., McLain, A. C., Whitsel, L. P., Beets, M. W., … &Sarzynski, M. A. (2019). Which US states pose the greatest threats to military readiness and public health? Public health policy implications for a cross-sectional investigation of cardiorespiratory fitness, body mass index, and injuries among US Army recruits. Journal of public health management and practice25(1), 36-44.

Czeisler, M. É., Marynak, K., Clarke, K. E., Salah, Z., Shakya, I., Thierry, J. M., … & Howard, M. E. (2020). Delay or avoidance of medical care because of COVID-19–related concerns—United States, June 2020. Morbidity and mortality weekly report69(36), 1250.

Lang, J. J., Phillips, E. W., Orpana, H. M., Tremblay, M. S., Ross, R., Ortega, F. B., … & Tomkinson, G. R. (2018). Field-based measurement of cardiorespiratory fitness to evaluate physical activity interventions. Bulletin of the World Health Organization96(11), 794.

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