PHI 413 Topic 1 DQ 2- Foundational Issues in Christian Spirituality and Ethics TASKS

Topic 1: Foundational Issues in Christian Spirituality and Ethics



The Story of the Bible

View “The Story of the Bible” on the Bible Project website (2018).

Literary Styles in the Bible

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View “Literary Styles in the Bible” on the Bible Project website (2018).

10 Things You Should Know About Scientism

Read “10 Things You Should Know About Scientism,” by Moreland, on the Crossway website (2018).

What Is the Bible?

View “What Is the Bible?” on the Bible Project website (2018).

Faith and Spiritual Decision-Making in Health Care Professions

View both “Faith and Spiritual Decision-Making in Health Care Professions” video messages to RN to BSN students from Dr. Lisa Smith and Dr. Maria Quimba, from the College of Nursing and Health Care Professions. E811-844B-005056BD1ABC

Optional – Topic 1: Optional Resources

For additional information, see the “Topic 1: Optional Resources” that are recommended.

Practicing Dignity: An Introduction to Christian Values and Decision-Making in Health Care

Read Chapters 1 from Practicing Dignity. introduction-to-christian-values-and-decision-making-in-health-care_1e.php

What Is Scientism?

Read “What Is Scientism?” by Burnett, on the American Association for the Advancement of Science website (2018).


Class Introductions
Start Date & Time Due Date & Time Points Dec 13, 2021, 12:00 AM Dec 15, 2021, 11:59 PM 0

Take a moment to explore your new classroom and introduce yourself to your fellow classmates. What are you excited about learning? What do you think will be most challenging?

Assignment: Worldview Analysis and Personal Inventory 

Based on the required topic Resources, write a reflection about worldview and respond to following:

1. In 250-300 words, explain the Christian perspective of the nature of spirituality and ethics in contrast to the perspective of postmodern relativism within health care.
2. In 250-300 words, explain what scientism is and describe two of the main arguments against it.
3. In 750-1,000 words, answer each of the worldview questions according to your own personal perspective and worldview:
1. What is ultimate reality?
2. What is the nature of the universe?
3. What is a human being?
4. What is knowledge?
5. What is your basis of ethics?
6. What is the purpose of your existence?

Remember to support your reflection with the topic Resources.

While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. A link to the LopesWrite technical support articles is located in Class Resources if you need assistance.

Topic 1 DQ 2 

What aspects of the topic readings do you find the most interesting? What is your view of the analysis of disease and healing in the readings? Explain.

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The first topic addresses foundational issues concerning spirituality and ethics and their roles in healthcare provision. Among the most interesting readings on the topic are ones on spirituality, ultimate reality, and faith and their effects on decision-making for healthcare providers. The reading on spirituality shows that nurses and other healthcare providers must seek effective interventions to integrate spiritual aspects in patients’ care plans (Bogue & Hogan, 2020). The reading shows that spiritual beliefs, practices, rituals, and values play a critical role in the healing of a patient from disease. As such, the integration of spiritual aspects allows nurses to enhance their cultural competency levels in care provision and implore patients to share their values for better outcomes. Healthcare providers should apply spiritual aspects of care provision, especially through the application of evidence-based practice interventions (Christman & Mueller, 2017). Therefore, the integration of spirituality into care plans allows providers to focus on patient-centered care and better recovery for patients.

The analysis of disease and healing based on the readings is that healing is a fundamental part of quality outcomes. Diseases take away the happiness that one may enjoy in life and lead to feelings of distrust and worthlessness. Individuals with diseases need enhanced care to attain healing as it is holistic. The readings like on faith and spiritual decision-making, emphasize the need for providers to offer a healing environment by developing therapeutic interactions with their patients (Smith & Quimba, n.d). The readings suggest that effective care delivery is essential for nurses to mitigate the occurrence of diseases that lead to adverse effects on the quality of life among individuals and healthy populations.  Further, these readings demonstrate the critical role that spirituality plays in enhancing a healing mindset for patients with different types of diseases.


Bogue, D. and Hogan, M., (2020). Practicing Dignity: An Introduction to Christian Values and

            Decision Making in Health Care. [online]

Christman, S. & Mueller, J. (2017). Understanding Spiritual Care. Journal of Christian Nursing,

34(1), pp.E1-E7. doi: 10.1097/CNJ.0000000000000350.

Smith, L. & Quimba, M. (n.d). “Faith and Spiritual Decision-Making in Health Care